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Academy Awards for 1981

By Patrick Mondout

The 54th Annual Academy Awards were hosted by Johnny Carson on March 29, 1982 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles) and broadcast live on ABC. Reds, Chariots of Fire, and On Golden Pond were the big winners with Henry Fonda (Best Actor) and Katherine Hepburn (Best Actress) becoming the oldest winners (76 and 74 respectively) for their categories. For Fonda, who starred with Hepburn and his daughter Jane in On Golden Pond, it was his first Best Actor trophy and only his second nomination. Fonda would be dead within six months.

Hepburn, however, extended her lead for most nominations with 12 (which ironically has since bested by Meryl Streep whom she beat this night) and extended her lead for wins for Best Actress to four. It is all the more remarkable that Ms. Hepburn won three of the four after age 60.

If there was a "big loser" this night it was Ragtime, which entered the night with eight nominations but came away empty handed.

Note: All nominees are listed and Oscar winner! denotes the Oscar winner.
 
BEST PICTURE
  Atlantic City, Denis Heroux and John Kemeny, producers
Oscar winner! Chariots of Fire, David Puttnam, producer
  On Golden Pond, Bruce Gilbert, producer
  Raiders of the Lost Ark, Frank Marshall, producer
  Reds, Warren Beatty, producer
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A LEADING ROLE
  Susan Sarandon, Atlantic City
  Meryl Streep, The French Lieutenant's Woman
Oscar winner! Katharine Hepburn, On Golden Pond
  Marsha Mason, Only When I Laugh
  Diane Keaton, Reds
 
BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE
Paul Newman, Absence of Malice
Dudley Moore, Arthur
  Burt Lancaster, Atlantic City
Oscar winner! Henry Fonda, On Golden Pond
Warren Beatty, Reds
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
  Melinda Dillon, Absence of Malice
  Jane Fonda, On Golden Pond
  Joan Hackett, Only When I Laugh
  Elizabeth McGovern, Ragtime
Oscar winner! Maureen Stapleton, Reds
 
BEST ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
Oscar winner! John Gielgud, Arthur
  Ian Holm, Chariots of Fire
  James Coco, Only When I Laugh
  Howard E. Rollins, Jr., Ragtime
  Jack Nicholson, Reds
 
BEST DIRECTOR
  Louis Malle, Atlantic City
  Hugh Hudson, Chariots of Fire
  Mark Rydell, On Golden Pond
  Steven Spielberg, Raiders of the Lost Ark
Oscar winner! Warren Beatty, Reds
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY WRITTEN DIRECTLY FOR THE SCREEN)
  Kurt Luedtke, Absence of Malice
  Steve Gordon, Arthur
  John Guare, Atlantic City
Oscar winner! Colin Welland, Chariots of Fire
  Warren Beatty and Trevor Griffiths, Reds
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY BASED ON MATERIAL FROM ANOTHER MEDIUM)
  Harold Pinter, The French Lieutenant's Woman
Oscar winner! Ernest Thompson, On Golden Pond
  Dennis Potter, Pennies From Heaven
  Jay Presson Allen and Sidney Lumet, Prince of the City
  Michael Weller, Ragtime
 
BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY
  Alex Thomson, Excalibur
  Billy Williams, On Golden Pond
  Miroslav Ondricek, Ragtime
  Douglas Slocombe, Raiders of the Lost Ark
Oscar winner! Vittorio Storaro, Reds
 
BEST FILM EDITING
  Terry Rawlings, Chariots of Fire
  John Bloom, The French Lieutenant's Woman
  Robert L. Wolfe, On Golden Pond
Oscar winner! Michael Kahn, Raiders of the Lost Ark
  Dede Allen and Craig McKay, Reds
 
BEST ART DIRECTION/SET DIRECTION
  Assheton Gorton, art direction; Ann Mollo, set decoration, The French Lieutenant's Woman
  Tambi Larsen, art direction; Jim Berkey, set decoration, Heaven's Gate
  John Graysmark, Patrizia Von Brandenstein and Anthony Reading; art direction; George de Titta, Sr., George de Titta, Jr. and Peter Howitt, set decoration, Ragtime
Oscar winner! Norman Reynolds and Leslie Dilley, art direction; Michael Ford, set decoration, Raiders of the Lost Ark
  Richard Sylbert, art direction; Michael Seirton, set decoration, Reds
 
BEST COSTUME DESIGN
Oscar winner! Milena Canonero, Chariots of Fire
  Tom Rand, The French Lieutenant's Woman
  Bob Mackie, Pennies From Heaven
  Anna Hill Johnstone, Ragtime
  Shirley Russell, Reds
 
BEST SOUND
  Richard Portman and David Ronne, On Golden Pond
  John K. Wilkinson, Robert W. Glass, Jr., Robert M. Thirlwell and Robin Gregory, Outland
  Michael J. Kohut, Jay M. Harding, Richard Tyler and Al Overton, Pennies From Heaven
Oscar winner! Bill Varney, Steve Maslow, Gregg Landaker and Roy Charman, Raiders of the Lost Ark
  Dick Vorisek, Tom Fleischman and Simon Kaye, Reds
 
BEST SOUND (ORIGINAL SONG)
Oscar winner! “Arthur's Theme” (Best That You Can Do), Arthur, Burt Bacharach, Carole Bayer Sager, Christopher Cross and Peter Allen, music and lyrics
  “Endless Love,” Endless Love, Lionel Richie, music and lyrics
  “For Your Eyes Only,” For Your Eyes Only, Bill Conti, music; Mick Leeson, lyrics
  “The First Time It Happens,” The Great Muppet Caper, Joe Raposo, music and lyrics
  “One More Hour,” Ragtime, Randy Newman, music and lyrics
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SCORE)
Oscar winner! Vangelis, Chariots of Fire
  Alex North, Dragonslayer
  Dave Grusin, On Golden Pond
  Randy Newman, Ragtime
  John Williams, Raiders of the Lost Ark
 
BEST MAKEUP
Oscar winner! Rick Baker, An American Werewolf in London
  Stan Winston, Heartbeeps
 
BEST VISUAL EFFECTS
  Dennis Muren, Phil Tippett, Ken Ralston and Brian Johnson, Dragonslayer
Oscar winner! Richard Edlund, Kit West, Bruce Nicholson and Joe Johnston, Raiders of the Lost Ark
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (ANIMATED)
Oscar winner! Crac (Frédéric Back, producer; Société Radio Canada)
  The Creation (Will Vinton, producer; Will Vinton Productions)
  The Tender Tale of Cinderella Penguin (Janet Perlman, producer; National Film Board of Canada)
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (LIVE ACTION)
  Couples and Robbers (Christine Oestreicher, producer; Flamingo Pictures Ltd.)
  First Winter (John N. Smith, producer; National Film Board of Canada)
Oscar winner! Violet (Paul Kemp and Shelley Levinson, producers; American Film Institute)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (SHORT SUBJECTS)
  Americas in Transition (Obie Benz, producer; Americas in Transition, Inc.)
Oscar winner! Close Harmony (Nigel Noble, producer; Noble Enterprise)
  Journey for Survival (Dick Young, producer; Dick Young Productions, Ltd.)
  See What I Say (Linda Chapman, Pam LeBlanc and Freddi Stevens, producers; Michigan Women Filmmakers Productions)
  Urge to Build (Roland Hallé and John Hoover, producers; Roland Hallé Productions, Inc.)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (FEATURES)
  Against Wind and Tide: A Cuban Odyssey (Suzanne Bauman, Paul Neshamkin and Jim Burroughs, producers; Seven League Productions, Inc.)
  Brooklyn Bridge (Ken Burns, producer; Florentine Films Production)
  Eight Minutes to Midnight: A Portrait of Dr. Helen Caldicott (Mary Benjamin, Susanne Simpson and Boyd Estus, producers; The Caldicott Project)
Oscar winner! Genocide (Arnold Schwartzman and Rabbi Marvin Hier, producers; Arnold Schwartzman Productions, Inc.)
  El Salvador: Another Vietnam (Glenn Silber and Tete Vasconcellos, producers; Catalyst Media Productions)
 
BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM
  The Boat Is Full, Switzerland
  Man of Iron, Poland
Oscar winner! Mephisto, Hungary
  Muddy River, Japan
  Three Brothers, Italy

Other Awards

An honorary award was presented to Barbara Stanwyck "for superlative creativity and unique contribution to the art of screen acting." A Special Achievement Award for Sound Effects Editing was given to Benjamin P. Burtt, Jr. and Richard L. Anderson for Raiders of the Lost Ark. Albert R. Broccoli received the Irving G. Thalberg Award whole Danny Kaye won the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award. Joseph B. Walker was the inaugural winner of the Gordon E. Sawyer Award.

Scientific and Technical

Academy Award of Merit
Fuji Photo Film Company, Ltd. (Film)

Scientific and Engineering Award
Edward J. Blasko (Laboratory)
Eastman Kodak Company (Laboratory)
Richard Edlund (Special Photographic)
Richard Edlund (Camera)
Industrial Light and Magic, Incorporated (Camera)
Industrial Light and Magic, Incorporated (Special Photographic)
Howard T. LaZare (Laboratory)
Dr. Roderick T. Ryan (Laboratory)
Leonard Sokolow (Laboratory)
Nelson Tyler (Photography)

Technical Achievement Award
H. L. Blachford (Stage Operations)
Daniel R. Brewer (Special Photographic)
Continental Camera Systems, Inc. (Camera)
John DeMuth (Special Photographic)
Bill Hogan (Special Photographic)
Industrial Light and Magic, Incorporated (Stage Operations)
Alan D. Landaker (Special Photographic)
Hal Landaker (Special Photographic)
Dennis Muren (Stage Operations)
Ernst F. Nettmann (Camera)
Oxford Scientific Films (Camera)
Peter D. Parks (Camera)
Ruxton, Ltd. (Special Photographic)
Dr. Louis Stankiewicz (Stage Operations)
Richard J. Stumpf (Special Photographic)
Bill Taylor (Special Photographic)
Universal City Studios, Inc. (Special Photographic)
Universal City Studios Production Sound Department (Special Photographic)
Stuart Ziff (Stage Operations)

 

FILM FACTS

Best Picture: Chariots of Fire

What: 54th Annual Academy Awards

Date: March 29, 1982

Host: Johnny Carson

Location: Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles)

Network: ABC


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