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Academy Awards for 1985

By Patrick Mondout

The 58th Annual Academy Awards were hosted by Jane Fonda, Alan Alda, Robin Williams on March 24, 1986 at the Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles) and broadcast live on ABC. The big loser of the night was The Color Purple, which led all pictures with 11 nominations but came away empty-handed. 

This was the first year that all 10 actor and actress nominees were born in the United States.

Note: All nominees are listed and Oscar winner! denotes the Oscar winner.
 
BEST PICTURE
  The Color Purple, Steven Spielberg, Kathleen Kennedy, Frank Marshall and Quincy Jones, producers
  Kiss of the Spider Woman, David Weisman, producer
Oscar winner! Out of Africa, Sydney Pollack, producer
  Prizzi's Honor, John Foreman, producer
  Witness, Edward S. Feldman, producer
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A LEADING ROLE
  Anne Bancroft, Agnes of God
Whoopi Goldberg, The Color Purple
  Meryl Streep, Out of Africa
Jessica Lange, Sweet Dreams
Oscar winner! Geraldine Page, The Trip to Bountiful
 
BEST ACTOR IN A LEADING ROLE
Oscar winner! William Hurt, Kiss of the Spider Woman
  James Garner, Murphy's Romance
  Jack Nicholson, Prizzi's Honor
  Jon Voight, Runaway Train
  Harrison Ford, Witness
 
BEST ACTRESS IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
  Meg Tilly, Agnes of God
  Margaret Avery, The Color Purple
  Oprah Winfrey, The Color Purple
Oscar winner! Anjelica Huston, Prizzi's Honor
  Amy Madigan, Twice in a Lifetime
 
BEST ACTOR IN A SUPPORTING ROLE
Oscar winner! Don Ameche, Cocoon
  Robert Loggia, Jagged Edge
  Klaus Maria Brandauer, Out of Africa
  William Hickey, Prizzi's Honor
  Eric Roberts, Runaway Train
 
BEST DIRECTOR
  Hector Babenco, Kiss of the Spider Woman
Oscar winner! Sydney Pollack, Out of Africa
  John Huston, Prizzi's Honor
  Akira Kurosawa, Ran
  Peter Weir, Witness
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY WRITTEN DIRECTLY FOR THE SCREEN)
  Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale, Back to the Future
  Terry Gilliam, Tom Stoppard and Charles McKeown, Brazil
  Luis Puenzo and Aida Bortnik, The Official Story
  Woody Allen, The Purple Rose of Cairo
Oscar winner! Earl W. Wallace and William Kelley, screenplay; William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace, story, Witness
 
BEST WRITING (SCREENPLAY BASED ON MATERIAL FROM ANOTHER MEDIUM)
  Menno Meyjes, The Color Purple
  Leonard Schrader, Kiss of the Spider Woman
Oscar winner! Kurt Luedtke, Out of Africa
  Richard Condon and Janet Roach, Prizzi's Honor
  Horton Foote, The Trip to Bountiful
 
BEST CINEMATOGRAPHY
  Allen Daviau, The Color Purple
  William A. Fraker, Murphy's Romance
Oscar winner! David Watkin, Out of Africa
  Takao Saito, Masaharu Ueda and Asakazu Nakai, Ran
  John Seale, Witness
 
BEST FILM EDITING
  John Bloom, A Chorus Line
  Fredric Steinkamp, William Steinkamp, Pembroke Herring and Sheldon Kahn, Out of Africa
  Rudi Fehr and Kaja Fehr, Prizzi's Honor
  Henry Richardson, Runaway Train
Oscar winner! Thom Noble, Witness
 
BEST ART DIRECTION/SET DIRECTION
  Norman Garwood, art direction; Maggie Gray, set decoration, Brazil
  J. Michael Riva and Robert W. Welch, art direction; Linda DeScenna, set decoration, The Color Purple
Oscar winner! Stephen Grimes, art direction; Josie MacAvin, set decoration, Out of Africa
  Yoshiro Muraki and Shinobu Muraki, art direction, Ran
  Stan Jolley, art direction; John Anderson, set decoration, Witness
 
BEST COSTUME DESIGN
  Aggie Guerard Rodgers, The Color Purple
  Albert Wolksy, The Journey of Natty Gann
  Milena Canonero, Out of Africa
  Donfeld, Prizzi's Honor
Oscar winner! Emi Wada, Ran
 
BEST SOUND
  Donald O. Mitchell, Michael Minkler, Gerry Humphreys and Chris Newman, A Chorus Line
  Bill Varney, B. Tennyson Sebastian II, Robert Thirlwell and William B. Kaplan, Back to the Future
  Les Fresholtz, Dick Alexander, Vern Poore and Bud Alper, Ladyhawke
Oscar winner! Chris Jenkins, Gary Alexander, Larry Stensvold and Peter Handford, Out of Africa
  Donald O. Mitchell, Rick Kline, Kevin O'Connell and David Ronne, Silverado
 
BEST VISUAL EFFECTS
Oscar winner! Ken Ralston, Ralph McQuarrie, Scott Farrar and David Berry, Cocoon
  Will Vinton, lan Wingrove, Zoran Perisic and Michael Lloyd, Return to Oz
  Dennis Muren, Kit West, John Ellis and David Allen, Young Sherlock Holmes
 
BEST SOUND EFFECTS EDITING
Oscar winner! Charles L. Campbell and Robert Rutledge, Back to the Future
  Bob Henderson and Alan Murray, Ladyhawke
  Frederick J. Brown, Rambo: First Blood Part II
 
BEST MAKEUP
  Ken Chase, The Color Purple
Oscar winner! Michael Westmore and Zoltan Elek, Mask
  Carl Fullerton, Remo Williams: The Adventure Begins
 
BEST SOUND (ORIGINAL SONG)
  “Surprise, Surprise,” A Chorus Line, Marvin Hamlisch, music; Edward Kleban, lyrics
  “The Power of Love,” Back to the Future, Chris Hayes and Johnny Colla, music; Huey Lewis, lyrics
  “Miss Celie's Blues” (Sister), The Color Purple, Quincy Jones and Rod Temperton, music; Quincy Jones,Rod Temperton and Lionel Richie, lyrics
  “Love Theme From White Nights” (Separate Lives), White Nights, Stephen Bishop, music and lyrics
Oscar winner! “Say You, Say Me,” White Nights, Lionel Richie, music and lyrics
 
BEST MUSIC (ORIGINAL SCORE)
  Georges Delerue, Agnes of God
  Quincy Jones, Jeremy Lubbock, Rod Temperton, Caiphus Semenya, Andrae Crouch, Chris Boardman, Jorge Calandrelli, Joel Rosenbaum, Fred Steiner, Jack Hayes, Jerry Hey and Randy Kerber, The Color Purple
Oscar winner! John Barry, Out of Africa
  Bruce Broughton, Silverado
  Maurice Jarre, Witness
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (ANIMATED)
Oscar winner! Anna & Bella (Cilia Van Dijk, producer, Netherlands)
  The Big Snit (Richard Condie and Michael Scott, producers; National Film Board of Canada)
  Second Class Mail (Alison Snowden, producer; National Film and Television School)
 
BEST SHORT FILMS (LIVE ACTION)
  Graffiti (Dianna Costello, producer; American Film Institute)
Oscar winner! Molly's Pilgrim (Jeff Brown and Chris Pelzer, producers; Phoenix Films)
  Rainbow War (Bob Rogers, producer; Bob Rogers and Co.)
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (SHORT SUBJECTS)
  The Courage to Care (Robert Gardner, producer; United Way)
  Keats and His Nightingale: A Blind Date (Michael Crowley and James Wolpaw, producers; Rhode Island Committee for the Humanities)
  Making Overtures - The Story of a Community Orchestra (Barbara Willis Sweete, producer; Rhombus Media, Inc.)
Oscar winner! Witness to War: Dr. Charlie Clements (David Goodman, producer; Skylight Picture Production)
  The Wizard of the Strings (Alan Edelstein, producer; Seventh Hour Production
 
BEST DOCUMENTARY (FEATURES)
Oscar winner! Broken Rainbow (Maria Florio and Victoria Mudd, producers; Earthworks Films Production)
  Las Madres - The Mothers of Plaza de Mayo (Susana Muńoz and Lourdes Portillo, producers; Film Arts Foundation)
  Soldiers in Hiding (Japhet Asher, producer; Filmworks, Inc. Production)
  The Statue of Liberty (Ken Burns and Buddy Squires, producers; Florentine Films Production)
  Unfinished Business (Steven Okazaki, producer; Mouchette Films Production)
 
BEST FOREIGN LANGUAGE FILM
  Angry Harvest, Federal Republic of Germany (West)
  Colonel Redl, Hungary
Oscar winner! The Official Story, Argentina
  Three Men and a Cradle, France
  When Father Was Away on Business, Yugoslavia

Other Awards

The Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award was given to Charles “Buddy” Rogers. Honorary Awards were handed out to Paul Newman "in recognition of his many memorable and compelling screen performances and for his personal integrity and dedication to his craft", Alex North "in recognition of his brilliant artistry in the creation of memorable music for a host of distinguished motion pictures", and to John H. Whitney, Sr. for cinematic pioneering.

Scientific Awards

David Crookham (Lighting)
Joe P. Crookham (Lighting)
Carlos DeMattos (Camera)
Jim Drost (Lighting)
Myron Gordin (Lighting)
Imax Systems Corporation (Systems)
Matthews Studio Equipment, Incorporated (Camera)
Musco Mobile Lighting, Ltd. (Lighting)
Ernst Nettmann (Camera)
E.F. Nettmann & Associates (Camera)
Edward Phillips (Camera](Technical Achievement Award)
Larry Barton (Camera)
The Burbank Studios (Camera)
Cinematography Electronics, Inc. (Camera)
Harrison & Harrison, Optical Engineers (Lenses and Filters)
Alan Landaker (Camera)
David W. Spencer (Cartoon Process)

 

FILM FACTS

Best Picture: Out of Africa

What: 58th Annual Academy Awards

Date: March 24, 1986

Host: Jane Fonda, Alan Alda, Robin Williams

Location: Dorothy Chandler Pavillion (Los Angeles)

Network: ABC


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