U.S. Floods of 1988
By C.A. Perry, B.N. Aldridge, and H.C. Ross of the USGS
Many areas throughout the United States were affected by drought
conditions in 1988. There were few significant widespread floods. A few
flash floods occurred during the summer months due to localized, intense
rains from thunderstorms. Several flash floods occurred during the summer.
On April 1 and 2, southern Kansas received 3 to 7 in. of localized
rain, which caused flash floods. New Orleans, Louisiana, received 7 to 9
in. of rain on April 1 and 2 . Severe flooding occurred, and $18 million
in damages resulted. Albuquerque, New Mexico, had $3 million in damages as
a result of flash flooding on July 5-9.
Tropical Storm Beryl hit Louisiana and Mississippi in early August. The
storm brought as much as 15 in. of rain to coastal counties of
Mississippi. Significant flooding occurred on the Biloxi River in
Hurricane Gilbert, the first category five hurricane to make landfall
since 1969, struck Louisiana and Texas on September 15 through 19. The
storm caused coastal floods in Louisiana and produced excessive rains
across Texas and Oklahoma.