1982 Hurricane Season
season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone
formation. It officially started June 1, 1982, and lasted until November
Few storms formed in 1982, and those that did were generally weak and
also remained at sea. The only storm to cause significant damage was
Hurricane Alberto, which caused torrential flooding in western Cuba. Also
Hurricane Debby reached Category 4 strength unusually far north and a
subtropical storm also formed and moved across Florida.
1982 storm names
The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north
Atlantic in 1982. No names were retired, so it was used again in the 1988
season. This is the first time these names were used since the
post-1978 naming change. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray.
- Florence (unused)
- Gilbert (unused)
- Helene (unused)
- Isaac (unused)
- Joan (unused)
- Keith (unused)
- Leslie (unused)
- Michael (unused)
- Nadine (unused)
- Oscar (unused)
- Patty (unused)
- Rafael (unused)
- Sandy (unused)
- Tony (unused)
- Valerie (unused)
- William (unused)
On June 3, a tropical depression off western Cuba in the Gulf of Mexico
strengthened into Tropical Storm Alberto. Alberto traveled generally
northeast on an erratic course. It briefly strengthened to a Category 1
hurricane before weakening and dissipating off the coast of Florida on
Twenty-three deaths were reported in Cuba from heavy flooding
associated with Alberto.
Subtropical Storm One
The first subtropical storm of the season formed in the east-central
Gulf of Mexico on June 18, and took an almost straight-line course to the
northeast for its entire life. It crossed the Florida peninsula that
night, causing the issuing of numerous thunderstorm and tornado warnings.
It continued on, crossing the Outer Banks of North Carolina. The storm
retained its strength until June 20 when it became extratropical near
Subtropical Storm One caused three deaths in Florida, sank a trawler
off the coast of North Carolina, and caused millions in damage.
Tropical Storm Beryl
Beryl became a named storm on August 28 while southeast of Cape Verde.
The tropical storm traveled steadily west-northwest, approaching but not
reaching hurricane strength. Midway across the Atlantic on September 2, it
degenerated to a tropical depression. The depression continued west until
its circulation collapsed on September 6, just north of the Windward
Tropical Storm Chris
A subtropical depression formed over the north-central Gulf of Mexico
on September 9. The depression headed west, and as it strengthened took on
tropical characteristics. Tropical Storm Chris made an abrupt northward
turn, and struck land near Sabine Pass on September 11. A weakened Chris
continued inland until it dissipated over central Arkansas on September
Tropical Storm Chris caused widespread flooding as far inland as
Tennessee, but total damage was low.
Debby began life as a tropical wave that degenerated shortly after
leaving the coast of Africa. The wave traveled across the Atlantic, and
organized into a tropical depression off the northern coast of Haiti on
September 13. The depression turned north and strengthened into a tropical
storm and then a hurricane. Hurricane Debby moved north-northeast, grazing
Bermuda with tropical storm force winds reaching the island. It continued
north and continued strengthening, peaking at 130 mph (215 km/h). Tropical
storm force winds were also recorded at Cape Race when Debby passed on
September 18. The storm accelerated and began weakening over the colder
waters of the north Atlantic. Debby merged with a strong non-tropical
system over the British Isles on September 20.
Only minor damage was associated with Debby.
Tropical Storm Ernesto
Tropical Storm Ernesto formed from a tropical depression southwest of
Bermuda on October 1. It tracked northeast for two days before
dissipating. It peaked as a strong tropical storm but never approached
land and caused no reported damage.