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1984 Hurricane Season

By Wikipedia

The 1984 Atlantic hurricane season was an ongoing event in the annual cycle of tropical cyclone formation. It officially started June 1, 1984, and lasted until November 30, 1984.

The 1984 was an active season, but most of the storms were weak and stayed at sea. The most damaging storm was Hurricane Diana, which caused $65.5 million (1984 dollars) in damage in North Carolina. Diana was the first hurricane to strike a nuclear power plant, but no damage was reported.

Also of note was Hurricane Lili, which lasted well after the official end of the season. It was downgraded from a named storm on December 24.

Atlantic hurricane seasons
1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
1985 1986 1987 1988 1989

1984 storm names

The following names were used for named storms that formed in the north Atlantic in 1984. No names were retired, so it was used again in the 1990 season. This is the first time these names were used since the post-1978 name changes. Names that were not assigned are marked in gray.

  • Arthur
  • Bertha
  • Cesar
  • Diana
  • Edouard
  • Fran
  • Gustav
  • Hortense
  • Isidore
  • Josephine
  • Klaus
  • Lili
  • Marco (unused)
  • Nana (unused)
  • Omar (unused)
  • Paloma (unused)
  • Rene (unused)
  • Sally (unused)
  • Teddy (unused)
  • Vicky (unused)
  • Wilfred (unused)


Subtropical Storm One

A weak front generated a low pressure system that organized into a subtropical depression north of Bermuda on August 18. The depression headed northeast and strengthened to a subtropical storm. It is believed to have merged with a front on August 21. The history of Subtropical Storm One is not entirely certain, as satellite images were largely unavailable due to a failure of the VISSR unit on GOES EAST (then GOES-5).

Tropical Storm Arthur

The 1984 season started late, with its first named storm forming on August 28. Arthur formed east of the Windward Islands and tracked generally northwest. It was downgraded to a depression on September 1, and dissipated several days later. Arthur was a minimal tropical storm, and caused no significant weather on land.

Tropical Storm Bertha

Bertha was a short-lived tropical storm that formed in the mid-Atlantic on August 31. The storm took a clockwise curving path before merging with a cold front on September 4. Bertha never approached land and caused no reported damage.

Tropical Storm Cesar

A second storm formed on August 31 as a non-tropical low strengthened into Tropical Storm Cesar off the East Coast of the United States. Cesar traveled northeast and strengthened gradually until it became extratropical and merged with another system off the coast of Newfoundland on September 2.

Hurricane Diana

On September 8, a non-tropical low organized into Tropical Storm Diana north of the Bahamas. Diana proved difficult for meteorologists to forecast. Initially, the storm headed almost due west towards Cape Canaveral. When within 50 miles (80 km) of the coast, it turned north, and generally paralleled the coast. On September 11, the storm reached hurricane strength, and continued to intensify to a strong Category 3 hurricane.

Diana moved north-northeast, and performed a small anti-cyclonic loop before striking near Cape Fear, North Carolina as a minimal Category 2 hurricane on the 13th. A weakened Tropical Storm Diana curved back out to sea and headed northeast until it became extratropical near Newfoundland on September 16.

Damage estimates were set at $65.5 million dollars. Three indirect deaths were associated with Diana. Diana was the first hurricane to strike a nuclear power plant. The Carolina Power and Light Brunswick Nuclear Power Plant recorded sustained hurricane force winds. There was no damage to the facility.

Tropical Storm Edouard

The origins of Tropical Storm Edouard are unclear, but an area of persistent organized storms formed in the Bay of Campeche, which strengthened into a tropical storm on September 14. Edouard rapidly intensified, with wind speeds reaching 65 mph (100 km/h) in 18 hours. Following its strengthening, Edouard dissipated even more quickly, degenerating into an area of thunderstorms the next day. The remnants of Edouard moved over land near Veracruz.

Tropical Storm Fran

Fran formed near Cape Verde on September 15, and traveled generally west-northwest. It dissipated on September 20. No damage was reported, although weather stations in Cape Verde reported winds just under tropical storm force.

Tropical Storm Gustav

Gustav spent most of its life as a well-organized tropical depression, which formed on September 16 in the open Atlantic south of Bermuda. The depression moved north, and its motion stalled over Bermuda on the 17th. A day later, the depression had strengthened to a tropical storm and was named Gustav. Tropical Storm Gustav headed northeast until it was absorbed by a front on September 19.

Hurricane Hortense

On September 23, a subtropical storm formed southeast of Bermuda. The storm acquired tropical characteristics and was named Hortense the next day. Hortense followed a winding path for the next several days, and briefly became a hurricane. On September 30, the center of the tropical storm passed near Bermuda. No damage or deaths were reported.

Tropical Storm Isidore

A tropical depression formed on September 25 off the southeastern Bahamas. The depression headed west, and was upgraded to a tropical storm in the central Bahamas on the 26th. It struck the US coast near Jupiter, Florida. Retaining tropical storm strength, Isidore curved to the northeast, emerging over water near Jacksonville, Florida. Isidore continued northeast until it was absorbed by a front on October 1.

Storm damages in the US were estimated at $750,000 dollars (1984 dollars). One death from electrocution was reported.

Hurricane Josephine

Josephine became a named storm on October 8 while northeast of Puerto Rico. It briefly moved west then turned almost due north. While it stayed well away from the US coast, Josephine was a large storm and sustained tropical storm winds were measured at the Diamond Shoals of Cape Hatteras.

When it passed 36 N latitude (roughly level with Norfolk, Virginia, Josephine curved to the southeast, then back to the northeast. It continued on this path until it made a cyclonic loop beginning on October 17 while becoming extratropical. The storm lost its identity on the 21st.

The hurricane caused wave damage to coastal areas, but primarily posed a threat to the shipping lanes of the North Atlantic.

Hurricane Klaus

Klaus formed as a tropical depression in the central Caribbean Sea on November 6. The depression moved north over Puerto Rico later that day as it reached tropical storm strength. On the 7th, Klaus reached hurricane strength. The hurricane headed generally northeast until it began losing its tropical characteristics on November 12.

Only minimal damage was reported.

Hurricane Lili

A rare December hurricane, Lili began as a subtropical storm in the central North Atlantic on December 12. The storm looped over open water for more than a week before acquiring tropical characteristics and being classified as a hurricane. At this point, Hurricane Lili was headed southwest toward the Caribbean. It continued on this path but weakened to a tropical depression as it approached Hispaniola. By the time of landfall in Haiti on December 24, it had degenerated to an area of thunderstorms.


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Courtesy of NOAA

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It uses material from this Wikipedia article, which is probably more up to date than ours (retrieved August 12, 2005).

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