Hurricane Gloria was a hurricane
during the 1985
Atlantic hurricane season and prowled the Atlantic Ocean from
September 16 until September 28, 1985. It reached Category
4 on the Saffir-Simpson Scale, but had weakened to a Category 2
hurricane by the time it made landfall.
Gloria was a Cape Verde-type hurricane, developing off the coast of
Africa and traveling all the way west to the United States. It veered
north of the Leeward Islands, Puerto Rico, and Dominican Republic. While
east of the Bahamas the storm reached its peak intensity on September 24.
It weakened slightly by the time it struck Cape Hatteras, North Carolina
on the night of September 26, the eye of Gloria skimmed the Outer Banks
and the next day slammed into Long Island, and bore through Nassau County,
New York, before slamming into land near Milford, Connecticut, and
eventually moved up into New England.
Incredibly, only 8 people died in Gloria, mostly from falling trees.
The storm hit the Northeast at lowtide, saving much of the coast from a
terrible storm surge. Quick and organized evacuation procedures in most of
Long Island's coastal communities like Fire Island and Long Beach also was
credited with saving lives.
Gloria did leave behind over US$900 million in damages.
By contrast, 1991's Hurricane Bob, a storm of nearly identical strength
and size, did a lot more damage and was a lot more destructive to parts of
The name Gloria was retired in the spring of 1986, and was replaced
with Grace in the 1991 season.